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Marbury v. Madison (1803)


This document provides the text of the landmark Supreme Court case, Marbury v. Madison (1803), the first Supreme Court case which declared an act of Congress illegal. That action created a legal precedent of Judicial Review.

The U.S. Constitution was vague about the exact role for the Supreme Court. Marbury v. Madison also established that the Supreme Court, Congress, and the Presidency had equal status.

What does Judicial Review mean? What were the roles and powers of the Judicial Branch before Marbury v. Madison? How did Marbury v. Madison change the role of the Supreme Court? Use evidence from the text of the court decision to support your answer. For extra information, compare the Marbury v. Madison decision to the U.S. Constitution's description of the Supreme Court.

Source: National Archives and Records Administration, "Marbury v. Madison (1803)," (accessed June 30, 2009).

How to Cite This Source
U.S. Supreme Court, "Marbury v. Madison (1803)," in Virginia Civics, Item #525, (accessed January 27, 2022).
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