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Handbook for Grand Jurors,

Judicial Conference of the United States

There are two kinds of federal juries in the United States. Petit juries (or "trial" juries) decide whether or not someone is guilty or not guilty. Grand Juries decide whether or not someone can be "indicted" for a charge. In other words, they…

Model Grand Jury Charge,

Judicial Conference of the United States

There are two kinds of federal juries in the United States. Petit juries (or "trial" juries) decide whether or not someone is guilty or not guilty. Grand Juries decide whether or not someone can be "indicted" for a charge. In other words, they…

Great Britain: About the House of Lords,

House of Lords

Prepared by the British government, this document provides an overview of the House of Lords, Parliament, and the Supreme Court system in Great Britain. The House of Lords is the second chamber of British Parliament, and its members are not elected…

Adam Smith: Wealth of Nations (Excerpt),

Adam Smith

The opening section and excerpt from Adam Smith's iconic Wealth of Nations provides one theory about the way free market, command, and mixed economies work. Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto presents another theory of economic…

Karl Marx: the Communist Manifesto (Excerpt),

Karl Marx

The opening section of Karl Marx's iconic Communist Manifesto provides one theory about the way free market, command, and mixed economies work. Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations presents another theory of economic systems.

Protection of Young Consumers under the 2009 CARD Act,

U.S. Congress

The CARD Act was designed to protect consumers from unfair lending practices and create more government oversight of credit card companies. In many ways, the bill was written in response to the credit and foreclosure crises that helped spark the 2008…

Marbury v. Madison (1803),

U.S. Supreme Court

This document provides the text of the landmark Supreme Court case, Marbury v. Madison (1803), the first Supreme Court case which declared an act of Congress illegal. That action created a legal precedent of Judicial Review.

Amendments 11-27 to the U.S. Constitution,

U.S. Government

The first ten amendments to the U.S. costitution consist of the Bill of Rights, passed as a group in 1789. The following amendments span from 1795 to 1992. Amendments 14, 15, 19, and 26 are of particular interest, as they all have to do with voting…

Virginia Constitution, 1971 and Today,

Virginia General Assembly

Virginia signed its first constitution in 1776 upon the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Since that time, there have been frequent amendments and six major revisions to the constitution: 1830, 1851, 1864, 1870, 1902, and 1971. Our current…

Virginia Constitution, 1864,

Virginia General Assembly

Virginia signed its first constitution in 1776 upon the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Since that time, there have been frequent amendments and six major revisions to the constitution: 1830, 1851, 1864, 1870, 1902, and 1971. Our current…