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Virginia Council on Indians: Resources,

Virginia Council on Indians

The Virginia Council on Indians (VCI) is a state advisory board to the Governor and the General Assembly. Some Council activities include conducting research, making recommendations regarding issues such as tribal recognition, and promoting education about Virginia's Indian tribes. This resource page provides links to such websites as the American Indian Studies department at Virginia Tech, as well as pdf downloads of teaching materials. Don't miss the rest of the VCI website, where there's information about Native Americans in Virginia, tracing your genealogy, and state recognition of Indian tribes. This website is also a great resource for anyone looking for an example of the implementation of public policy.

Public Education: What is the State’s Responsibility ,

Deborah Sprenger

Public education remains one of the primary responsibilities shared between state and local government. The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia requires the General Assembly to provide a system of free public schools. That provision has been…

School Desegregation: A Community’s Response,

Sarah Taylor, Salem City Schools

The challenge of protecting civil rights in a democracy, the intersection between state and local government, the activity of citizens in their local school board and administration, and the role of the media in addressing controversial issues are…

"No Child Left Behind Act": Regulations for States (Excerpt),

U.S. Congress, House and Senate

The federal "No Child Left Behind" Act was created to ensure equal quality of education for all students. One frequent problem in education is the "achievement gap" between students from different backgrounds. Some examples of this include: low…

Handbook for Grand Jurors,

Judicial Conference of the United States

There are two kinds of federal juries in the United States. Petit juries (or "trial" juries) decide whether or not someone is guilty or not guilty. Grand Juries decide whether or not someone can be "indicted" for a charge. In other words, they…

Model Grand Jury Charge,

Judicial Conference of the United States

There are two kinds of federal juries in the United States. Petit juries (or "trial" juries) decide whether or not someone is guilty or not guilty. Grand Juries decide whether or not someone can be "indicted" for a charge. In other words, they…

Great Britain: About the House of Lords,

House of Lords

Prepared by the British government, this document provides an overview of the House of Lords, Parliament, and the Supreme Court system in Great Britain. The House of Lords is the second chamber of British Parliament, and its members are not elected…

Adam Smith: Wealth of Nations (Excerpt),

Adam Smith

The opening section and excerpt from Adam Smith's iconic Wealth of Nations provides one theory about the way free market, command, and mixed economies work. Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto presents another theory of economic…

Karl Marx: the Communist Manifesto (Excerpt),

Karl Marx

The opening section of Karl Marx's iconic Communist Manifesto provides one theory about the way free market, command, and mixed economies work. Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations presents another theory of economic systems.

Protection of Young Consumers under the 2009 CARD Act,

U.S. Congress

The CARD Act was designed to protect consumers from unfair lending practices and create more government oversight of credit card companies. In many ways, the bill was written in response to the credit and foreclosure crises that helped spark the 2008…